cause.

Below is the short list of the latest CO2 emissions, loss of natural habitat potential for one year (in square meters), and loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year (in kilograms), for a few products and services. ^

short list:
FLIP FLOPS (1 pair): 22kg CO2, 17m^2 of habitat, 53kg of life
CLOTHES DRYER (per load): 2kg CO2, 1.5m^2 of habitat, 4.8kg of life
CAR (manufacture 23mpg +120,000miles): 95 metric tons CO2, 73,000m^2 of habitat, 228tons of life
CHICKEN/ FISH/ EGGS (1 kilogram): 6 kg CO2, 4.6m^2 of habitat, 14.3kg life
BEEF (1 kilogram): 22.1kg CO2, 17m^2 of habitat, 53kg of life
BEER (6-pack microbrew): 3.5kg CO2, 2.5m^2 of habitat, 7.7kg of life
CAR (manufacture 46mpg + 20,000miles): 44 tons CO2, 33,900m^2 of habitat, 105tons of life
DAIRY PRODUCTS (1 kg): 4 kg CO2, 3.2m^2 of habitat, 9.9kg of life
AIRLINE FLIGHT (1600km): 176kg CO2, 135m^2 of habitat, 422kg of life
GASOLINE (1 gallon): 10kg CO2, 8m^2 of habitat, 24kg of life
1 KILOWATT (coal): .7kg CO2, .6m^2 of habitat, 1.6kg of life
JUNK MAIL (10kg/ U.S. yearly average): 48kg CO2, 37m^2 of habitat, 114kg of life
CLOTHES LINE (per load): zero CO2, zero m^2 of habitat, zero kg of life
FRUITS/ VEGETABLES (1 kg): 1.6kg, 1.2m^2 of habitat, 3.8kg of life
SUN DRESS (eco): 14kg CO2, 10.8m^2 of habitat, 33.6kg of life
JACKET (eco fleece shell): 30kg CO2, 23m^2 of habitat, 72kg of life
JEANS COTTON (1 pair): 33kg CO2, 26m^2 of habitat, 80kg of life
MAGAZINE (med): 1kg CO2, .7m^2 of habitat, 2.3kg of life
PAPER COFFEE CUP (8 oz): .12kg CO2, m^2 of habitat, kg of life
T-SHIRT (1): 4kg CO2, 3m^2 of habitat, 10kg of life
SHOES (1 pair): 66 CO2, 51m^2 of habitat, 158kg of life
HIKING BOOTS (1 pair): 154kg CO2, 119m^2 of habitat, 369kg of life

^To get more ecological footprints on these and other products check out the ecofx wiki.


  occupy.

To *occupy ecofx* on the sidewalk in front of a business that is not eco ethical, step off the amount of habitat being lost for one year due to the business's shameful actions or sales. For more info see ecofx.org/occupy

Below are a couple more excerpts from ecofx.org/occupy ::

Before occupying, first ask the business to stop taking a specific earth killing action.

If a business says they will not stop taking the action that hurts our planet, occupy the sidewalk in front of the front doors of the business while stepping off (walking around) the perimeter of the area of habitat being lost for one year because of a choice the business makes.

Walk around the area as many times as necessary to represent every time the business takes that anti eco action - or to represent multiples of that area.


Tell others about your occupy on our ecofx facebook page, and invite others to join in.


  xoearth.

Whether its word, video, art, song, multi-media or a story, we each have the power to create eco media that helps defend our biosphere.

Even a single sentence about the ecofx of a product is a little eco voice that can make a big difference. For example, imagine hundreds of people that might start using a clothesline after hearing a clothesline song about it or reading about it on wikipedia.org.

It's going to take multiple communication forms and styles to create media to fully expose the dangerous ecofx (environmental impacts) of the products and services being used today.
So create and become the media via facebook, ecofx.org/wiki, XOEarth.org, bulletin boards, refrigerators, emails, appropedia.org, wikipedia.org and by wearing an XO (as the human and the planet).

Consider composing a story, song, art or other eco XOEarth media about a product's ecofx and how a lifeform(s) or a person(s) somewhere in the world (close or far away) may be positively or negatively affected by the non-purchase or purchase of a product.

Then once you have envisioned and blogged a product's ecofx story, add a link to it on a relevant ecofx.org/wiki page, tell the tale to a friend or others who might buy that product, and/or post it to the ecofx Facebook or use other XOEarth eco media to get it out there.

Some ways to compose an ecofx story include::
Imagining a positive scenario that might occur if a person does not buy the product, or that will not occur if the person does buy the product.
Imagining a negative scenario that might occur if a person buys the product, or that might not occur if a person does not buy the product.



  connect.

Join the ecofx wiki at ecofx.org/wiki to talk and work with other Earth lovers who are taking a stand for the planet. >>

Join the ecofx Facebook ecofx group to connect with other ecofx people, and to post your perspectives and stories. >>

Subscribe to the ecofx/ Greentopia newsletter for monthly updates, stories, ecological footprint and eco humor from ecofx, XO Earth and EarthE>>

We have a Flick'r photo album with ecofx pics -- add your ecofx pics too!



  dance.

The ecofx/ EarthE Dance is a rad way to thank your friends for taking environmental actions that help save habitat potential and its lifeforms.

One way to do the ecofx/ EarthE Dance is to do the twist (or swing or waltz) for or with a friend along the border of an area on the ground that represents the approximate area of habitat saved for one year by that friend's environmental action. Add your EarthE Dance ideas and videos to EarthE Facebook.

Use our ecofx.org tools to estimate the area of the habitat saved for one year by a friend's (or your) environmental action(s). Go to EarthE.org for other EarthE rewards to give to friends for their eco actions.

  exquisite.

Knowing the ecological effects of buying a specific product -- or not buying that product -- can help save our exquisite biosphere.


The stuff we buy effects lifeforms and people around the world in powerful, and crucial ways. But if people don't get the chance to envision the cause and effect of buying stuff, they are going to keep buying stuff that hurts the planet.

Many of these stories about the environmental impacts of the products we buy have been hidden from us. Ooodles of companies hide the eco negative effects of their products. Because? Because they know most of us would not buy their stuff if we knew the real story.

Envision... thousands of people exploring the ecofx (ecological footprints) of their purchases, and then doing the right thing to show their love for this superb planet.

Envision... millions of people sharing stories with each other about the dangerous ecological effects that consumer products and business products have on our future, and the future of other lifeforms and peoples.

Envision... billions of lifeforms and people of the future celebrating that humankind did not buy the un-necessary stuff that would have made their existence impossible.

fXO, Stele Ely *



  petition.

We are requesting all ecofx members to write a letter to their congress person (and other legislators) to mandate ecological footprint labeling on all products. If you are from the United States send the letter to us and we will deliver it along with other petitioner's letters we receive.

We will also be creating an on line petition to sign in a few days as well.

Letters from U.S. citizens will be accompanied by the following letter.

A demand for ecological footprint and CO2 labeling on all products.

This petition calls for the mandatory labeling on all products and services of the ecological footprint and CO2 emissions that come from the making of and the use of the products and services.

Whereas environmentally relevant labeling should be provided on all products and services to support ecologically sound consumer decisions, and,

Whereas the inefficient and excessive use of the some products pose serious threats to the environment and human health, and,

Whereas labeling of environmental information on other products has been shown to be beneficial to the environment,

Therefore,
These petitioners request that the honorable law making bodies in countries worldwide adopt mandatory labeling of the ecological footprint and CO2 emissions on all products and services.


Thanks for sending this letter to us or your legislator.


  give.

To help keep ecofx going, make a donation or an in-kind contribution via our Paypal account. We promise to stretch every dollar you give for the benefit of lifeforms and peoples around the world! In kind donations for our auctions or Make payments with PayPal - it's fast, free and secure!office are welcomed as well.

Depending on the contribution amount, donors will receive a free ecofx bracelet(s), a custom song written by Stele Ely and/or other gifts.

EmaiI us, call us at 72O.34O.8O8O, or go to our donation page to join the team.   more >>



  edu.

Exploring ecofx (ecological footprints) is a good way for adults, students, teachers and kids to work together for the planet, to promote school spirit, to support peace and/or raise money for environmental clubs.

Plus, ecofx has two sister projects -- XOEarth.org, EarthE.org -- that students and teachers can use to power up ecofx and other environmental projects, eco media and green awards.

Art, photography and media students are invited to design and post new ecofx designs, stories and video to ecofx's Facebook and Flick'r pages.

Contact us for club and school materials, or if you would like us to come speak to your group.
up to top



  biz.

We welcome businesses to request permission to use the ecofx formulas and calculators to show customers the positive impact of their green products.

We can build javascript calculators that are customized for companies that sell ecologically green products -- for free or a donation.



  news.

> Signup for the ecofx/ Greentopia newsletter -- a monthly update.

> Artists, photographers and students are needed for ecofx art, media and videos projects. Contact us for assignments.

> To honor eco friends for their eco actions, check out ecofx's sister project EarthE.org.


> The global ecofx/ EarthE party is un-officially on the 4th Saturday of each month. Feel free to start an ecofx party/dance in your area.



  store.

To get ecofx environmental t-shirts, posters, gear and other goodies, check out our cafepress.com/EarthE store!

Contact us if you want us to add a custom item to the store for you.

Stele composes and records custom songs to raise money for the ecofx. These folksy tunes can be written for a gift, for yourself or for a soundtrack. Call Stele at 72O.34O.8O8O.


  meta.

ecofx*meta wants to show people the localized effects that buying a product might have on the environment and health -- such as on water quality, weather, air quality, food supply, fires, wetland loss, nutrition, sea level, diseases and the economy.

ecofx*meta is about getting the numbers for those correlations -- even if we have to include a broad margin of error -- because every purchase, every product, every choice makes an ecological impact.

Eco brainies are invited to contact us to help go after those numbers with some bold, statistical modeling. For now, we are inviting folks to get together and post your ecofx*meta formula proposals, calculations and correlation solutions on the ecofx.org Community_Portal.

Our team page lists some folks who work(ed) on ecofx.org and/or EarthE.org.

Contact us if you would like to contribute your talents to the ecofx team. Whether your expertise or school major is in business, communications, psychology, language, arts, software programming or the sciences, ecofx has an opp for you. We can work with teachers for students who want to get school credit.

  & fx.

    ecofx calculator

  in kilograms and meters
1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds)
1 m^2(square meter) = 10.8 ft^2(square feet)

kg.
Enter the carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions that comes from the making of a product - in kilograms. Then click submit and the ecofx calculator will fill in the other numbers below.
[If you don't know the CO2 emissions for a product, estimate it based on similar products from the ecofx card, the wiki or the short list in the left.]

m^2. Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make the product - in square meters.
[Multiplies the kilograms of CO2 that are released to make a product by .8 .]


kg. Loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year to make the product - in kilograms.
[Multiplies the kilograms of CO2 that is released to make a product by 2.4 .]


How many of the product (if made) it would take to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
[Divides 200,000,000 kilograms by the product's CO2 emissions. ]

+Calculations are based on habitat, life, extinction formulas v2. An ecofx calculator in pounds and square feet is coming soon. Businesses can get a calculator customized for their green products.
Explore ecofx to learn how to quickly estimate the ecological effects of buying (or selling) a product -- including the impact on natural habitat (in square meters or feet), plant and animal life (in kilograms or pounds), extinction and humankind.

ten ecofx levels::
one/ Check out the wiki to find the CO2 emissions and environmental impacts of some products (and services) that have already been estimated.

two/ To estimate the loss of natural habitat potential for one year in square meters to make a product, multiply the kilograms of CO2 that are released to make the product by .8 (or 80%).

The ecofx calculator does the math super fast. >>

[In pounds to square feet.] To estimate the loss of natural habitat potential for one year in square feet to make a product, multiply the pounds of CO2 released to make the product by 3.8 .

three/ If you don't know the CO2 emissions for a product, estimate it based on similar products from the ecofx card, the wiki or the short list on the left.

The CO2. section has some tips on how to estimate the CO2 emissions with the ecofx card, short list, lcacalculator.com, google and other tools.

four/ Print the ecofx card for some quick help when estimating the ecofx of a product or service. It has three ecofx formulas, and the CO2 emissions for some products.

five/ Sign the ecofx pledge that says, 'Before buying (or selling) a product or service, I pledge to estimate the ecological effects it has on natural habitat, on humankind, extinction and/or climate change, and then decide if the personal benefit outweighs the environmental impact.'

six/ To estimate the loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year to make the product multiply the kilograms [or pounds] of CO2 that are released to make a product by 2.4 .

~ ecofx card back / pledge ~
The ecofx calculator crunches these numbers in a flash. >>

seven/ To estimate how many of a product (if made) it would take to trigger 1 potential species extinction, divide 200,000,000 kilograms by the product's CO2 emissions in kilograms.

[In pounds.] Divide 429,000,000 pounds by the product's CO2 emissions in pounds.

eight/ Occupy ecofx on the sidewalk in front of a business that is not eco ethical. Step off the amount of habitat being lost due for one year to the business's shameful actions or sales.

nine/ If a product does not have a matrix yet, make one by using the formulas. Then share your matrix with others on the wiki and other websites.

ten/ Tell others about the ecofx of various products via Facebook, Wikipedia, shares, XOEarth media and by wearing an XO (as the human and the planet).


  notes.

a/ The "loss of natural habitat potential for one year" is a way to visualize an area of human appropriated land, ocean, river and/or lake (area occupied by human industry, roads, farms, housing, etc) that was taken from and could be reverted back to natural habitat, and/or, an area of untouched natural habitat on land, ocean, river and/or lake that will be lost, as a result of making a product.

"Loss of natural habitat potential for one year" is an area of statistically typical land, ocean and/or body of water that could support a biodiverse ecosystem, but instead, is being currently occupied or depleted, or will be occupied or depleted by humankind within a current year, as a result of making or using a product or service. This area in square meters is found by multiplying the number of kilograms of CO2 emissions of a product by .8 (80%). For non-metric, this area in square feet is found by multiplying the number of pounds of CO2 emissions of a product by 3.8. Based on the 'habitat, life, extinction formulas v2'.

b/ The "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" number is a way to visualize how many kilograms (or pounds) of plant and animal life might be allowed to come back and create natural habitat again, and/or, how many kilograms (or pounds) of plant and animal life in untouched natural habitat will not be lost, as a result of not buying a product.

"Loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" is used to describe the weight of the life that could live in an area of statistically typical land and/or ocean that could support a biodiverse ecosystem, but instead, is being currently used or depleted, or will be used or depleted by humankind within a current year, as a result of making or using a product or service. This weight is found by multiplying the CO2 emissions (either kilograms or pounds) of a product by 2.4 . Based on the 'habitat, life, extinction formulas v2'.

c/ "Trigger 1 potential species extinction" is used to describe how many of a product (if they are made) it would take to result in the release of the amount of CO2 emissions that correlates to one extinction in a current year -- considering the CO2 emissions released by that product. This trigger number is found by dividing 200,000,000 kilograms by the product's CO2 emissions in kilograms. For non-metric, divide 429,000,000 pounds by the product's CO2 emissions in pounds. Based on the 'habitat, life, extinction formulas v2'.
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  matrixes.

Use the ecofx matrixes to power up your consumer and business decisions for the planet -- such as the beer, automobile, airline flights, clothes dryer, shoes, t-shirt and denim pants matrixes at ecofx.org/wiki.

Plus, anyone can use the habitat, life, extinction formulas v2 to make a new product or service matrix to add to the ecofx.org/wiki. For an Excel spreadsheet that does some of the math, download ecofxcalculatorV2.xls.

-- matrix example --
____ environmental impact of 4 consumer products ____
Estimated carbon footprint, loss of natural habitat potential for one year, loss of plant and animal life potential for one year, and extinction potential from producing, packaging, shipping and using a product.
-----------
+ Except for CO2 emissions, estimates are based on habitat, life, extinction formulas v2. +
Estimates do not include the possible long-term ecological effects of climate change and persistent toxins.
Formulas use "human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)" to "CO2 emissions" correlation.
-----------
1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds)   1 m^2(square meter) = 10.8 ft^2(square feet)
1 km(kilometers) = .62 mi(miles)   1 liter = .26 gallons
Dress (strappy)

CO2 from 'patagonia.com/ web/ us/ footprint' for their Vitaliti dress
Product materials.
61% org cotton, 30% recycled polyester, 9% spandex
.28 kg
.63 lb
CO2 emissions to make this product.
14 kg
31 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make this product.
10.8 m^2
116.4 ft^2
Loss of plant and animal life potential for one year (in natural habitat) to make this product.
33.6 kg
73.9 lb
How many of this product to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
13.9 million
Jacket/Shell combo made with Polartec and fleece

CO2 from 'patagonia .com/ web/ us/ footprint' for their Talus jacket
Product materials.
Polyester, nylon
.64 kg
1.4 lb
CO2 emissions to make this product.
30 kg
66 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make this product.
23 m^2
249 ft^2
Loss of plant and animal life potential for one year (in natural habitat) to make this product.
72 kg
158 lb
How many of this product to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
6.5 million
4Runner Toyota

16 mpg / CO2 data from Toyota
120,000 miles lifetime
Product materials.
Steel, aluminum, plastic, copper, etc.
CO2 released in the lifetime of this product.
118 tons
260,000 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year in the lifetime of this product.
91,000 m^2
981,000 ft^2
Loss of plant and animal life potential for one year (in natural habitat) in the lifetime of this product.
283 tons
623,000 lb
How many of this product to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
1,652
Prius Toyota

46 mpg / CO2 data from Toyota
120,000 miles lifetime
Product materials.
Steel, aluminum, plastic, copper, etc.
CO2 released in the lifetime of this product.
44 tons
96,800 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year in the lifetime of this product.
33,900 m^2
365,900 ft^2
Loss of plant and animal life potential for one year (in natural habitat) in the lifetime of this product.
105 tons
232,000 lb
How many of this product to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
4,400
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  card.

~ ecofx card / CO2 ~
~ ecofx card back / pledge ~
Print the ecofx card for a quick guide about how to estimate a product's CO2 emissions, loss of habitat potential and other stats. The card has three ecofx formulas and product stats to use wherever you are before buying (or selling) a product or service.

Ecofx participants are also invited to sign the ecofx pledge on the back of the ecofx card that says::
"Before buying (or selling) a product or service, I pledge to estimate the ecological effects it has on natural habitat, on humankind, extinction and/or climate change, and then decide if the personal benefit outweighs the environmental impact."

#4 The ecofx card print-page #4 has 4 cards on each print page. (Cut out and fold to get 4 cards out of eachs page.) >>

#8 The ecofx card print-page #8 has 8 cards on each print page. (To print both sides of the cards, run the paper through the printer two times.) >>

#10 The ecofx card print-page #10 has 10 cards on each print page. (However, your printer and browser combo must be capable to do it, and the top and bottom margins need to be set to zero. Internet Explorer does 10-up pretty well.) >>

Here is a page with tips for printing these cards.



  formulas.

Use the ecofx formulas to::
Estimate the ecological effects of a product, service or choice.
Decide whether or not to buy or use the product based on its environmental impact.
Use the info to make an ecofx matrix for the product to add to the ecofx.org/wiki.
Show the ecofx of the product to others to help them make eco smart decisions.

The ecofx short list has some products and their estimated CO2 emissions in kilograms that you can use to try out the formulas.

____ habitat, life, extinction formulas v2 ____
Formulas to estimate the loss of natural habitat potential for one year, the loss of plant and animal life potential for one year, and the extinction potential from producing, packaging, shipping and using a product, service, choice, or from extracting and utilizing a raw material.
-----------
Step 1/ Determine the CO2 emissions of the product, service or choice.
(CO2 emission estimates may be found via the company that offers the product, life cyle analysis done by a third party (via a web search), the lcacalculator.com, the ecofx.org 'short list' 'card' 'raw materials matrix' or 'ecofxcalculatorV2.xls spreadsheet', or other life cycle software.
Step 2/ Multiply the CO2 emissions of the product in kilograms by .8 to estimate the loss of natural habitat potential for one year in square meters.
Multiply the CO2 emissions of the product in pounds by 3.8 to estimate the loss of natural habitat potential for one year in square feet.
Step 3/ Multiply the CO2 emissions of the product in kilograms by 2.4 to estimate the loss of plant and animal life in natural habitat potential for one year in kilograms.
Multiply the CO2 emissions of the product in pounds by 2.4 to estimate the loss of plant and animal life in natural habitat potential for one year in pounds.
Step 4/ Divide 200,000,000 kilograms by the product's CO2 emissions to estimate how many of the product (if made) it would take to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
(To automate the math in these steps use the ecofxcalculatorV2.xls excel spreadsheet.)
-----------
Formulas use "human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)" to "CO2 emissions" correlation.
Estimates do not include the possible long-term effects of climate change and persistent toxins.
See footnotes for formula basis, assumptions and sources.
+ v2 revision by Stele Ely +
-----------
Thanks to the National Academy of Sciences, NASA, United Nations Environment Programme, World Wildlife Fund, EOEarth and contributing scientists that publish baseline data.
-----------
1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds)   1 m^2(square meter) = 10.8 ft^2(square feet)
1 km(kilometers) = .62 mi(miles)   1 liter = .26 gallons
Product name. Product materials. CO2 emissions to make this product, or, to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb of the material. Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make this product, or, to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb of the material. Loss of plant and animal life potential for one year (in natural habitat) to make this product, or, to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb of the material. How many/much to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
metric correlation formulas . # kg CO2 # kg CO2 x .77 = m^2 loss hab # kg CO2 x 2.4 = kg loss life 195 mn kg /
  # kg CO2
= trigger
non-metric correlation formulas . # lb CO2 # lb CO2 x 3.78 = ft^2 loss hab # lb CO2 x 2.4 = lb loss life 429 mn lb /
  # lb CO2
= trigger
(product example)

Dress (strappy)


(CO2 from patagonia .com)
Materials.
61% org cotton, 30% recycled polyester, 9% spandex
.28 kg
.63 lb
CO2 emissions to make this product.
14 kg
31 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make this product.
10.8 m^2
116.4 ft^2
Loss of plant and animal life potential for one year (in natural habitat) to make this product.
33.6 kg
73.9 lb
How many of this product to trigger 1 potential species extinction.
13.9 million
(material example)

Paper
virgin

CO2 emissions from lcacalculator .com
CO2 emissions to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb of this material.
8.8 kg
19.4 lb
Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb.
6.8 m^2
73.2 ft^2
Loss of plant and animal life potential (in natural habitat) for one year, to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb.
21.1 kg
46.5 lb
Quantity extracted and manufactured with a potential to trigger 1 extinction.
22,159 tons
_____ footnotes _____

_____________ column 1 _____________
Product name, raw material name, details and/or the source of the CO2 emissions statistic.

_____________ column 2 _____________
Other details such as the weight of the raw materials used in a product or service.

_____________ column 3 _____________
The quantity of CO2 emissions from a product, a service or a raw material in kilograms and pounds.

The source of CO2 emissions statistics (carbon dioxide footprint) may come from::
• The company that offers the product, service or raw material.
• Life cycle analysis done by a third party. These can sometimes be found via a web search.
• The online life cycle software at lcacalculator.com by IDC.
• The 'ecofx short list', 'ecofx card' or the 'raw materials matrix' at ecofx.org.
• The ecofxcalculatorV2.xls excel spreadsheet.
• Life cycle software.
_____________ column 4 _____________
"Loss of natural habitat potential for one year" is used to describe an area of statistically typical land, water and/or ocean that could support a biodiverse ecosystem, but instead, is being currently used or depleted, or will be used or depleted by humankind within a current year, as a result of making or using a product or service.
------------------------------------------
The "loss of natural habitat potential for one year" is a way to visualize an area of human appropriated/occupied land, ocean, river and/or lake that might be allowed to revert back to natural habitat, and/or, an area of untouched natural habitat on land, ocean, river and/or lake that will not be lost, as a result of not buying a product. (Or the reverse if the product is purchased.)

The "loss of natural habitat potential for one year" number is not a measure of how much *additional* natural habitat in nature is being lost each year -- even though the *additional* natural habitat lost is included in that number. The "loss of natural habitat potential for one year" number represents an area that has a "part one" and "part two".

"Part one" of this area has been appropriated/occupied by humans for some time -- possibly for centuries or just a few years. "Part one" is an area that is considered "natural habitat potential" because if it were left alone or restored it could be natural habitat. This area may include locations where human structures, manufacturing, resource extraction, agriculture, roads, housing and landscaping exist.

"Part two" is the area of *additional* natural habitat lost for one year due to to human structures, manufacturing, resource extraction, agriculture, roads, housing and landscaping.

The ratio of "part one" to "part two" is not defined here. Therefore, the "loss of natural habitat potential" number is only a way to visualize this: how much human appropriated/occupied land and water might *either* be restored back to natural habitat, and/or, how much untouched natural habitat on land or water will not be lost, as a result of not buying a product.

------------------------------------------
The "loss of natural habitat potential for one year" in m^2 is calculated by multiplying the kg of "CO2 emissions" from making, packaging, shipping and/or using a product or service, by the metric correlation factor of .77 .

For example, if a product has 100 kg of CO2 emissions, multiply the 100 kg of CO2 emissions by the metric correlation factor of .77 to get the loss of natural habitat potential for one year of 77 m^2.

For non-metric, the area of "potential natural habitat loss for one year" in ft^2 is calculated by multiplying the lb of CO2 emissions by the non-metric correlation factor of 3.78 .

To automate the math, download the ecofxcalculatorV2.xls Excel spreadsheet.

------------------------------------------
This correlation factor is based on these assumptions:
a) That the average global net primary productivity (NPP) per hectare equals the global NPP divided by the global 13.4 billion hectares of biologically productive land and water.
b) That there is a substantial correlation between the global carbon dioxide emissions of humankind, and the amount of global bioproductivity that is depleted, harvested or managed for human use (i.e. human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)).
c) That HANPP is a measure of the equivalent lost opportunity of natural habitat to maintain or establish itself.
d) That there is a substantial correlation between the carbon dioxide emissions from making or using a specific product or service, and the amount of bioproductivity that is depleted, harvested or managed for human use from making or using the product or service, based on system infrastructure sharing and multiple use interdependence.

(419,600,000,000,000 kg/ 134,000,000,000,000 m^2 = 3.13 kg per 1 m^2)

Since 1 kg of CO2 emissions correlates to the loss of life in natural habitat potential for one year of 2.4 kg of life as shown under the _column 5_ section below, we solve for 3.13 kg / 1 m^2 = 2.4 kg/ ?m^2. Therefore, ? = .77 m^2.

Therefore, the final correlation factor is .77 m^2. That is, 1 kg of CO2 emissions correlates to the loss of habitat potential for one year of .77 m^2.

The "hydrated" net primary production (NPP) of 419.6 gt was derived from the current "dry" NPP estimate of 104.9 giga-tonnes (gt) (Geider, 2001) of carbon per year.

"Dry" NPP is the quantity of carbon that is turned into biomass by autotrophs per year in the Earth's biosphere. However, this "dry" NPP excludes the weight of the other minerals and water that normally comprise living biomass.

Living organic matter is by weight about 50% carbon and 50% other minerals -- excluding it water content. In total, most organic matter is by weight at least 50% water.

Therefore, the NPP of 104.9 gt of carbon is multiplied by 2 to include the other minerals, and then multiplied by 2 again to include the water -- resulting in 419.6 gt of "hydrated life".

This correlation does not include the possible long-term effects of climate change and persistent toxins. The correlation does estimate the loss of habitat potential in the current year based on HANPP.

More info and forums regarding formulas are at ecofx.org.

_____________ column 5 _____________
"Loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" is used to describe the weight of the life that could live in an area of statistically typical land and/or ocean that could support a biodiverse ecosystem, but instead, is being currently used or depleted, or will be used or depleted by humankind within a current year, as a result of making or using a product or service.

------------------------------------------
The "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" number is a way to visualize how many kilograms (or pounds) of plant and animal life might be allowed to come back and create natural habitat again, and/or, how many kilograms (or pounds) of plant and animal life in untouched natural habitat will not be lost, as a result of not buying a product.

The "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" number (in kilograms or pounds) is not a measure of how much *additional* plant and animal life in natural habitat is being lost each year -- even though the *additional* plant and animal life in natural habitat lost is included in that number. The "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" number represents the combined mass of "part one" and "part two".

"Part one" of this mass has been appropriated/occupied by humans for some time -- for centuries or a few years. "Part one" is the mass that is considered "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" because if locations where human structures, manufacturing, resource extraction, agriculture, roads and landscaping were left alone or restored, it could then again be plant and animal life in natural habitat.

"Part two" of this mass is *additional* "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" due to human structures, manufacturing, resource extraction, agriculture, roads and landscaping.

The ratio of "part one" to "part two" is not defined here. Therefore, the "loss of plant and animal life potential in natural habitat for one year" number is primarily a way to visualize this: how much plant and animal life might *either* be allowed to come back and create natural habitat, and/or, how much plant and animal life in untouched natural habitat will not be lost, as a result of not buying a product.

------------------------------------------
The weight of "loss of plant and animal life potential (in natural habitat) for one year" in kg is calculated by multiplying the kg of "CO2 emissions" from making, packaging, shipping and/or using a product or service, by the correlation factor of 2.4 .

For example, if a product has 100 kg of CO2 emissions, multiply the 100 kg of CO2 emissions by the metric correlation factor of 2.4 to get the "loss of life potential in natural habitat for one year" of 240 kg.

For non-metric, the lb of "loss of life potential in natural habitat for one year" in lb is calculated by multiplying the lb of CO2 emissions by the non-metric correlation factor of 2.4 .

To automate the math, download the ecofxcalculatorV2.xls Excel spreadsheet.

------------------------------------------
This correlation factor is based on these assumptions:
a) That there is a substantial correlation between the global carbon dioxide footprint of humankind, and the amount of global bioproductivity that is depleted, harvested or managed for human use [i.e. human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)].
b) That HANPP is a measure of the equivalent lost opportunity of natural habitat to maintain or establish itself.
d) That there is a substantial correlation between the carbon dioxide emissions from making or using a specific product or service, and the amount of bioproductivity that is depleted, harvested or managed for human use from making or using the product or service, based on system infrastructure sharing and multiple use interdependence.

The correlation factor is found by::

Multiplying the weight of the global net primary production (NPP) of the land, by the percentage of human appropriated net primary production (HANPP) of the land, to get the weight of the HANPP of the land.

Multiplying the weight of the global net primary production (NPP) of the oceans, by the percentage of human appropriated net primary production (HANPP) of the oceans, to get the weight of HANPP of the oceans.

Adding the weight of the land HANPP to the ocean HANPP, and then dividing by the global output of carbon dioxide by humankind, to get average kg of CO2 per kg of HANPP. The result is the _column 5_ correlation factor.

The 2007 NPP estimates 56.4 giga-tonnes (gt) from terrestrial lifeforms per year, and 48.5 gt from ocean lifeforms per year -- totaling 104.9 gt (Geider, 2001). Both the 56.4 gt and 48.5 gt are then multiplied by 4 to adjust these "dry" NPP carbon statistics from the research papers we have sourced to include the other minerals and water present in most living organic matter. This results in 225.6 gt of "hydrated" terrestrial life, and 194 gt of "hydrated" ocean life -- totaling 419.6 gt.

In other words, because dry organic matter is about 50% carbon and 50% other minerals, both the 56.4 gt and 48.5 gt are multiplied by 2. Also, because living organic matter is at least 50% water, they are multiplied by another 2.)

A terrestrial HANPP percentage of 23.8% was sourced via Global human appropriation of net primary production by H Halberl et al. So, 23.8% x 225.6 gt = 53.7 gt of "hydrated" terrestrial life NPP.

An ocean HANPP percentage of 6% that was estimated by Stele Ely is used because marine HANPP estimates have not been found in peer reviewed sources. This 6% is probably very low, and is loosely based on ...brave new ocean and other papers. Contact ecofx.org if you have a suggestion or comment. So, 6% x 194 gt = 11.6 gt of "hydrated" ocean life HANPP.

Therefore, 53.7 gt + 11.6 gt = 65.3 gt of global "hydrated" HANPP life per year.

Then, to get the correlation factor, the 65.3 gt of "hydrated" HANPP is divided by humankind's annual CO2 emissions of 27.25 gt.

(65,300,000,000,000 kg / 27,250,000,000,000 kg = 2.4 kg of potential life loss per 1 kg of CO2.)

In other words, 1 kg of CO2 corresponds to the loss of 2.4 kg of life potential in natural habitat for one year.

This correlation does not include the possible long-term effects of climate change and persistent toxins. The correlation does estimate the loss of plant and animal life potential (in natural habitat) for one year in the current year based on HANPP.

More info and forums regarding formulas are at ecofx.org.

_____________ column 6 _____________
"Trigger 1 potential species extinction" is used to describe how many of a product (if they are made) it would take to result in the release of the amount of CO2 emissions that correlates to one extinction in a current year -- considering the CO2 emissions released by that product.

The "trigger 1 species extinction" number is calculated by dividing the correlation factor of 195,000,000 kg, by the kilograms of "CO2 emissions" from making, packaging, shipping and/or using a product or material.

For example, if a product has 400 kg of CO2 emissions, divide the 400 kg of CO2 emissions into 195,000,000 kg to get 487,500 of the product to trigger 1 potential species extinction.

For non-metric, divide the 880 lb of CO2 emissions into 429,000,000 lb to get the extinction trigger of 487,500.

------------------------------------------
This correlation factor is based on this assumption:
a) That there is a substantial correlation between the global carbon dioxide footprint of humankind, and the number of estimated yearly extinctions.
b) That there is a substantial correlation between the carbon dioxide emissions from making or using a specific product or service, and the degree to which extinction potential increases in that year, based on system infrastructure sharing and multiple use interdependence.

This correlation factor was determined by dividing the total global CO2 emissions of 27,245,758 tonnes of humankind in 2004 by an estimate of 140,000 species extinctions per year (Future of Biodiversity, L. Pimm).

(27,250,000,000,000 kg / 140,000 extinctions = 195,000,000 kg of CO2 emissions per year per extinction)

__________________________
The above formulas may be used to estimate the ecological effects of other products too. Other formula resources are at ecofx.org/papers.htm and ecofx.org.
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  CO2.

Here are a few basic tips on how to estimate the CO2 emissions for a product using the ecofx card, the wiki or the short list.

First find a product on the ecofx card , the wiki or the short list that is similar to (or the same as) the product you want to estimate the CO2 emissions for. Then estimate how many of the product -- from the ecofx card, the wiki or the short list -- it would take to equal the number or amount of product(s) you are estimating the CO2 emissions for. Then multiply that number by the CO2 emissions for the product from the ecofx card, the wiki or the short list.

Then multiply the CO2 emissions you just got for the product by .8 to get the loss of natural habitat potential for one year to make that product. Or, enter the CO2 emissions estimate for the product into the ecofx calculator and it will be calculated automatically.

Other good ways to find a product's CO2 emissions include the lcacalculator.com, the raw materials matrix, or a google search.

Once the CO2 emissions are found for a product using the above methods::
Multiply the kilograms of CO2 that are released to make a product by .8 to estimate the loss of habitat potential for one year in square meters to make the product. *
For non-metric, multiply the pounds of CO2 released to make a product by 3.8 to estimate the loss of habitat potential for one year in square feet to make the product. ] *
Check out the habitat, life, extinction formulas v2 to estimate other ecofx too.

The *raw materials matrix* is included below for those who want to use it to calculate the CO2 emissions released to make a product or service.

____ environmental impact of raw materials _____
Estimated carbon footprint, loss of habitat potential for one year, loss of plant and animal life potential for one year, and extinction potential to extract, produce and manufacture these raw materials into a product.
-----------
Use this raw materials matrix to:
Compare the ecofx of various raw materials.
Calculate the CO2 emissions for a product or service.
( A faster online CO2 emissions calculator is at lcacalculator.com.)
To build a product matrix for the ecofx.org/wiki and beyond.
To use this matrix to estimate the CO2 emissions for a product, multiply the approximate weight of each of the materials used to manufacture and package the product by the appropriate numbers in column 3. Add the results together to get the total CO2 emissions. Then use the correlation factors to calculate the other ecofx for the product.
For a spreadsheet that does some of the math download ecofxcalculatorV2.xls in excel.
For CO2 emissions only use lca software or the lcacalculator.com .
See footnotes for more.
-----------
+ CO2 emissions estimates come from lcacalculator.com. +
+ Except for CO2 emissions, estimates are based on habitat, life, extinction formulas v2. +
(This matrix can be used to calculate other ecofx for a product, however, many find that it is usually easier to use the habitat, life, extinction formulas v2 once they have the CO2 emissions.)
-----------
Formulas use "human appropriated net primary production (HANPP)" to "CO2 emissions" correlation.
Estimates do not include the possible long-term effects of climate change and persistent toxins.
-----------
1 kg(kilogram) = 2.2 lb(pounds)   1 m^2(square meter) = 10.8 ft^2(square feet)
1 km(kilometers) = .62 mi(miles)   1 liter = .26 gallons
Raw material. Details. CO2 emissions to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb of this material. Loss of natural habitat potential for one year to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb. Loss of plant and animal life potential (in natural habitat) for one year, to extract and manufacture 1 kg/ 2.2 lb. Quantity extracted and manufactured with a potential to trigger 1 extinction.
metric
correlation
formulas
. # kg CO2 # kg CO2 x .77 = m^2 loss hab # kg CO2 x 2.4 = kg loss life 195 mn kg /
  # kg CO2
= quantity
non-metric
correlation
formulas
. # lb CO2 # lb CO2 x 3.78 = ft^2 loss hab # lb CO2 x 2.4 = lb loss life 429 mn lb /
  # lb CO2
= quantity
ABS/ PA (plastic) . 44 kg
96 lb
33.9 m^2
365.9 ft^2
105.6 kg
232.2 lb
4,432 tons
HDPE/ LDPE (plastic) . 41 kg
90.2 lb
31.6 m^2
340 ft^2
98.4 kg
216 lb
4,756 tons
Polyester (plastic) . 21 kg
46.2 lb
16.2 m^2
174.6 ft^2
50.4 kg
110.9 lb
9,286 tons
PVC/ PU (plastic) . 28 kg
61.6 lb
21.6 m^2
232.9 ft^2
67.2 kg
147.8 lb
6,964 tons
aluminum virgin 80 kg
176 lb
61.6 m^2
665.3 ft^2
192 kg
442.4 lb
2,438 tons
aluminum recycled 8 kg
17.6 lb
6.2 m^2
66.5 ft^2
19.2 kg
42.2 lb
24,375 tons
brass . 25 kg
55 lb
19.3 m^2
207.9 ft^2
60 kg
132 lb
7,800 tons
copper . 28 kg
61.6 lb
21.6 m^2
232.9 ft^2
67.2 kg
147.8 lb
6,964 tons
steel virgin 13 kg
28.6 lb
10 m^2
108.1 ft^2
31.2 kg
68.6 lb
15,000 tons
steel recycled 4 kg
8.8 lb
3 m^2
33.3 ft^2
9.6 kg
21.1 lb
48,750 tons
zinc . 20 kg
44 lb
15.4 m^2
166.3 ft^2
48 kg
105.6 lb
9,750 tons
glass 100% recycled 2.4 kg
5.28 lb
1.85 m^2
20 ft^2
5.8 kg
12.7 lb
81,250 tons
glass normal - not recycled? 6.4 kg
14 lb
4.9 m^2
53.2 ft^2
15.4 kg
33.8 lb
30,469 tons
glass tempered 10 kg
22 lb
7.7 m^2
83.1 ft^2
24 kg
52.8 lb
19,500 tons
cardboard . 6 kg
13.2 lb
4.6 m^2
49.9 ft^2
14.4 kg
31.7 lb
32,500 tons
corrugated cardboard . 5 kg
11 lb
3.9 m^2
41.6 ft^2
12 kg
26.4 lb
39,000 tons
paper virgin 8.8 kg
19.4 lb
6.8 m^2
73.2 ft^2
21.1 kg
46.5 lb
22,159 tons
paper recycled 5.6 kg
12.32 lb
4.3 m^2
46.6 ft^2
13.4 kg
29.6 lb
34,821 tons
softwood . 4.8 kg
10.6 lb
3.7 m^2
39.9 ft^2
11.5 kg
25.3 lb
40,625 tons
hardwood . 8 kg
17.6 lb
6.2 m^2
66.5 ft^2
19.2 kg
42.2 lb
24,375 tons
hardboard . 10 kg
22 lb
7.7 m^2
83.2 ft^2
24 kg
52.8 lb
19,500 tons
plywood . 4.2 kg
9.2 lb
3.2 m^2
34.9 ft^2
10.8 kg
22.2 lb
46,429 tons
rubber natural latex 27 kg
59.4 lb
20.8 m^2
224.5 ft^2
64.8 kg
142.6 lb
7,222 tons
rubber synthetic 44 kg
96.8 lb
33.9 m^2
365.9 ft^2
105.6 kg
232.3 lb
4,432 tons
solvents/ adhesives
paints
. 35 kg
77 lb
27 m^2
291 ft^2
84 kg
185 lb
5,571 tons
_____ footnotes _____

To calculate the CO2 emissions for a product using column 3, multiply the estimated weight of each of the materials used to manufacture and package the product, by the column 3 number that corresponds to the materials. Add the results together.

For example, to calculate the CO2 emissions for a product that is made of 2 kg of ABS plastic and 3 kg of aluminum (virgin).

First, multiply the 2 kg of ABS by 44 kg found in column 3 for ABS. That equals 88 kg of CO2 emissions for the ABS.

Then, multiply the 3 kg of aluminum (virgin) by 80 kg found in column 3 for aluminum (virgin). That equals 240 kg of CO2 emissions for the aluminum (virgin).

Finally, add the 88 kg to the 240 kg to get an estimate of 328 kg total CO2 emissions for the product.

Once the product's CO2 emissions are known, the loss of habitat potential for one year, loss of life potential for one year and extinction trigger can be calculated by using the correlation factors.

For example, for the product above, multiply the 328 kg of CO2 emissions by the metric correlation factor of .77 to get the loss of natural habitat potential for one year of 253 m^2.

Then multiply the 328 kg of CO2 emissions by the metric correlation factor of 2.4 to get the loss of life potential in natural habitat for one year of 787 kg.

Then divide the 328 kg of CO2 emissions into 195,000,000 kg to get the extinction trigger of 594,512 (how many of the product triggers one potential extinction).
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